In general, the following tests are recommended to diagnose the tumor, provide a clear clinical picture of overall health and evaluate for metastasis:. In most cases, this tumor affects only one anal sac, but occasionally both left and right sacs are affected. The outcome tends to be poorer for patients with the following: Radiation therapy may be used to shrink an inoperable tumor to kill residual cells that may be present. If kidney failure or hypercalcemia is present, therapy with intravenous fluids and medications may be needed prior to surgery to make your dog a more suitable candidate for anesthesia. Treatments If the cancer has spread to the lungs, liver or other organs, surgery may only be a palliative measure to relieve signs of straining to have bowel movementsas the survival time may not be improved.
Surgical removal of the anal sac and its associated tumor has been shown to improve survival times and to help minimize clinical signs associated with the tumor.
Small Animal Topics
The blood calcium level tends to fall with successful treatment, and a recurrence of the high blood calcium level often indicates recurrence of the tumour. Surgical removal of the anal sac and its associated tumor has been shown to improve survival times and to help minimize clinical signs associated with the tumor. Please note that microscopic spread of a tumor to other organs cannot be detected with X-rays and ultrasound. Dogs and cats can function normally without these scent glands. Anal sac tumours carcinoma of the apocrine glands of the anal sac What are anal sac tumours? A complete clinical work-up includes: They regularly sent me pictures of Conan running on the beach, swimming, and having a ball pun intended.